BEGC-131 INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY
Solved Assignment 2020-2021
INDIVIDUAL AND SOCIETY (BEGC 131)
Course Code: BEGC 131
Max. Marks: 100
|Title Name||BEGC-131 English Solved Assignment 2020-21|
|Service Type||Solved Assignment (Soft copy/PDF)|
|Semester||2020-2021 Course: BA(English)|
|Short Name||BEGC-131 (ENGLISH)|
|Product||Assignment of BAG(English) 2020-2021 (IGNOU)|
|Submission Date||For June Examination: 30th April or as per dates given in the website
For December Examination: 31st October or as per dates given in the website
Trees are vital for life on earth. They give us oxygen, store carbon, stabilise the soil
and give life to the world’s wildlife. They also provide us with the materials for tools
and shelter.Not only are trees essential for life, but as the longest living species on
earth, they give us a link between the past, present and future. It is critical that
woodlands, rainforests and trees in urban settings, such as parks, are preserved
and sustainably managed across the world.
The canopies of trees act as a physical filter, trapping dust and absorbing
pollutants from the air. Each individual tree removes up to 1.7 kilos of pollutants
every year. They also provide shade from solar radiation and reduce noise. Trees
absorb carbon dioxide as they grow and the carbon that they store in their wood
helps slow the rate of global warming.
They reduce wind speeds and cool the air as they lose moisture and reflect heat
upwards from their leaves. It is estimated that trees can reduce the temperature in
a city by up to 7°C. Trees also help prevent flooding and soil erosion, absorbing
thousands of litres of stormwater.
Trees host complex microhabitats. When young, they offer habitation and food to
large communities of birds, insects, lichen and fungi. When ancient, their trunks
also provide the hollow cover needed by species such as bats, woodboring beetles,
owls and woodpeckers. One mature tree can be home to as many as 500 different
Research shows that within minutes of being surrounded by trees and green space,
your blood pressure drops, your heart rate slows and your stress levels come
down. Soon, for the first time in history, the number of people living in cities will
outstrip those living in the countryside. Parks and trees will become an even more
vital component of urban life. We must respect them and protect them for the
1. Give four reasons why woodlands, rainforests and trees should be
sustainably managed across the world. (2)
2. How do trees reduce pollution? (2)
3. This passage states that trees “host complex microhabitats.”
Explain this statement. (2)
4. How do trees slow the rate of global warming? (2)
5. Give this passage a suitable title. (2)
6. Use the following words in sentences of your own:
2. Match the words in Column A with their meanings in Column B.
Column A Column B
1. Remedial Something that breaks easily
2. Recuperative Pertaining to the study of population
3. Fragile Avoid
4. Flamboyant That which cannot be overcome
5. Biodiversity A trip on a ship or boat taken for pleasure
6. Apparel Wide variety of plant and animal species
7. Cruise Clothes
8. Demographic Helping someone to get better after an illness
9. Insurmountable Correcting something that has been done wrong
10. Shirk Loud and flashy
3. Complete the following sentences with the correct article.
1. Sanskrit is ____ ancient language.
2. Copper is ___ useful metal.
3. Varanasi is ______ holy city.
4. Which is _______ longest river in India?
5. He went out without taking ____ umbrella.
4. Complete the following sentences with the correct prepositions:
1. The boy is afraid — the dog.
2. The bus departs ____ 5 pm today.
3. William Shakespeare was born ____ England.
4. Only graduates are eligible ____ the post.
5. My sister excels ___ dancing.
6. There is no exception __ this rule.
7. I am tired ___ walking.
8. This a matter ____ national importance.
9. My mother is fond ____ classical music.
10. The teacher was not satisfied ____ the student’s explanation.
10×1 = 10
5. Rewrite the following sentences as directed:
1. The earth ______ (move) round the sun. (Complete with the correct form of the
word in brackets)
2. If I were the health minister, I _____ (spend) more money on building
hospitals. (Complete with the correct form of the word in brackets)
3. We should try our best to preserve the traditions ___ (hand) down to us by our
ancestors. (Complete with the correct form of the word in brackets)
4. The artist drew a beautiful portrait of the dancer. (change into passive voice)
5. Hamlet was written by Shakespeare. (change into active voice).
6. You have been asked to speak to a youth group on the topic:
‘Maintaining a healthy lifestyle during lockdown’. Write out the speech in around
7. Write an essay (around 250 words) on the topic:
Conserving water: what individuals and societies can do.
8. You would like your friend to join you on a trip to a historical monument in your
locality. Write out a dialogue (in around 200 words) between your friend and
you where you try to convince him / her to join you.
BEGC-131, BEGC 131, BEGC131